The Atlas of the European Sacred Mounts, Calvaries and Devotional Complexes identifies and describes 1,812 devotional complexes scattered in twenty nations, and it marks a decisive step in the evolution of the cultural valorisation of these monumental complexes. The survey was started in 1995 with a questionnaire that was sent to more than 2,000 foreign referent institutions. It was divided into four areas of interest: historical (chronological, devotional), artistic (materials, techniques), environmental (vegetation, landscape), and managerial (safeguarding, financing, fruition). Particular attention was paid to the topographical and urban positions of the sites.
The publication contains a selection of the responses to the survey that arrived at the Documentation Centre, together with maps and photographs of some of the sites. Along with some very well known places, less known complexes were also intentionally listed to stimulate, on different fronts, reflection on their common problems.
MAP OF EUROPEAN SACRED MOUNTS CALVARIES AND DEVOTIONAL COMPLEXES.
by Amilcare Barbero
with the collaboration of Elzbieta Bilska-Wodecka, Martin Cico, Paulina de Nijs, Francisco Singul Lorenzo, István Szilágyi.
The Map accompanying the volume points out 1,812 devotional complexes, found during the search, in the following countries: Spain (56), Portugal (6), France (42) – Brittany* (99), Holland* (84), Belgium* (163), Luxemburg* (20), Germany* (152), Switzerland (11), Italy (56), Austria* (301), Hungary,* (376), the Czech Republic* (107), Slovakia* (97), Poland* (76), Romania (42), Ukraine (4), Slovenia (19), Croatia (33), Yugoslavia (83).
For some of these, the ones marked with an asterisk and that have number of sites identified, the census can be considered practically complete.